Dr. Geoffrey Swenson is a Senior Lecturer in International Politics at City, University of London. He is also an External Affiliate of the Ostrom Workshop at the University of Indiana, a trustee of the British International Studies Association, and a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Dr. Swenson’s research focuses on post-conflict reconstruction, democracy and the rule of law, legal pluralism, international relations theory, and foreign aid. He has written extensively on America’s war in Afghanistan. He is the author of Contending Orders: Legal Pluralism and the Rule of Law (Oxford University Press, 2022) and has been published in the Los Angeles Times, Political Violence at a Glance, the Washington Post, and The Diplomat.